There is nothing as refreshing and energizing as a cup of coffee to sip on after a long strenuous day. A cup of coffee can perk you up in the morning, afternoon, and night. To Buy coffee is equal to buying a full of energy to keep your energy level high.
Coffee is one of the most common drinks consumed worldwide. It has active ingredient caffeine. Caffeine is a stimulant and is widely used as a psychoactive substance. Hence coffee in large quantities can be hazardous to health. Only 1 or 2 cups a day of coffee are beneficial.
Coffee plant and its bean:
Coffee is brewed from a coffee bean. It resembles a cherry. Coffee is a major cash crop. The 2 most commonly available coffee plants are the Arabica and Robusta. Coffee trees are short. They are pruned short to help in harvesting the beans and also save up on their energy. They live as long as 100 years. But the best yield is obtained when they are 7 to 20 years old. Coffee beans loose freshness immediately. They are generally stored in dark containers. It has to be placed in a cool location.
Coffee is packed with many nutrients and minerals. A cup of regular black coffee is very low in calories. It contains only 2 calories. It is a source of antioxidants. Coffee has approximately 125-185 mg of caffeine per cup. The caffeine in coffee is associated with a lift followed by a letdown. The caffeine effects in coffee are immediate. Coffee is known to arouse feelings of anxiety known as coffee jitters. Coffee constitutes of caffeine, trigonelline, chlorogenic acid, phenolic acid, amino acid, carbohydrates, minerals, organic acids and aldehydes, ketones, esters, amines, and mercaptans.
The caffeine in coffee:
Caffeine a stimulant found naturally in coffee is linked to the benefits and adverse effects of coffee. There is an option to select between the caffeinated and decaffeinated coffees. Caffeinated coffee has on an average about 95 mg of caffeine, whereas decaffeinated has about 2 mg. The caffeine content in coffee gives immediate jitters and calms down the person immediately.
Types of coffee:
There are many different types of coffee drinks that are widely savoured. Espresso, the strong black coffee is the base for many coffees. Cappuccino, the most popular coffee has milk with milk froth on it. Americano is a Espresso with water in a single shot. Caffe Latte is espresso in single shot with three parts of milk. Cafe au Lait is a weaker version of Caffe Latte as it is espresso mixed with steamed milk in 1:1 proportion.
Benefits of coffee:
Coffee is a healthy drink loaded with antioxidants and beneficial nutrients to keep away diseases. Thus helps in improving and restoring health.
The caffeine content in coffee blocks a neurotransmitter called adenosine and causes a stimulant effect. Hence coffee can make you smarter. Caffeine can boost the metabolic rate by 3-11% and burn fat.
Caffeine increases the fight and flight hormone, epinephrine. Caffeine burns down the fat and releases it into blood as free fatty acids which are used as fuel. Thus the body becomes energized after a cup of coffee. Coffee is a source of nutrients and vitamins like Riboflavin, Pantothenic acid, potassium, niacin, magnesium, and manganese.
There are studies showing that coffee drinkers have a very low risk of developing type II diabetes mellitus and Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease. Coffee protects liver against cirrhosis, and fatty liver disease.
Coffee reduces depression. Thus the rate of suicides is reduced. Coffee drinkers have low incidence of liver and colorectal cancer. Coffee is known to increase heart rate but it gradually normalizes over period of time. Coffee is known to decrease the risk of heart attack and stroke. Prolonged life is observed in coffee drinkers as it delays premature death.
Risks associated with coffee: Caffeine in moderate quantities is beneficial. Drinking coffee beyond moderation can cause adverse effects. Caffeine is known to cause anxiety symptoms. This may be precipitated early in pre existing patients of anxiety disorders. On the other hand, it can cause depression. Coffee reduces the chances of becoming pregnant. Coffee over a period of time can change the cognitive power of mind. In heart patients coffee can cause heart related issues. Coffee being a stimulant can change your biological clock. Coffee in moderation can kick start your mood and day to have a good and lively day.